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fio

FIO是测试IOPS的非常好的工具,用来对硬件进行压力测试和验证,支持13种不同的I/O引擎,包括:sync,mmap, libaio, posixaio, SG v3, splice, null, network, syslet,guasi, solarisaio 等等。

fio 官网地址:http://freecode.com/projects/fio

安装

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yum install -y fio

常用参数

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filename=/dev/emcpowerb 支持文件系统或者裸设备,-filename=/dev/sda2或-filename=/dev/sdb
direct=1 测试过程绕过机器自带的buffer,使测试结果更真实
rw=randread 测试随机读的I/O
rw=randwrite 测试随机写的I/O
rw=randrw 测试随机混合写和读的I/O
rw=read 测试顺序读的I/O
rw=write 测试顺序写的I/O
rw=rw 测试顺序混合写和读的I/O
bs=4k 单次io的块文件大小为4k
bsrange=512-2048 同上,提定数据块的大小范围
size=5g 本次的测试文件大小为5g,以每次4k的io进行测试
numjobs=30 本次的测试线程为30
runtime=1000 测试时间为1000秒,如果不写则一直将5g文件分4k每次写完为止
ioengine=psync io引擎使用pync方式,如果要使用libaio引擎,需要yum install libaio-devel包
rwmixwrite=30 在混合读写的模式下,写占30%
group_reporting 关于显示结果的,汇总每个进程的信息
此外
lockmem=1g 只使用1g内存进行测试
zero_buffers 用0初始化系统buffer
nrfiles=8 每个进程生成文件的数量

测试场景及输出详解

100%随机,100%读, 4K

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fio -filename=/dev/emcpowerb -direct=1 -iodepth 1 -thread -rw=randread -ioengine=psync -bs=4k -size=1000G -numjobs=50 -runtime=180 -group_reporting -name=rand_100read_4k

100%随机,100%写, 4K

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fio -filename=/dev/emcpowerb -direct=1 -iodepth 1 -thread -rw=randwrite -ioengine=psync -bs=4k -size=1000G -numjobs=50 -runtime=180 -group_reporting -name=rand_100write_4k

100%顺序,100%读 ,4K

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fio -filename=/dev/emcpowerb -direct=1 -iodepth 1 -thread -rw=read -ioengine=psync -bs=4k -size=1000G -numjobs=50 -runtime=180 -group_reporting -name=sqe_100read_4k

100%顺序,100%写 ,4K

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fio -filename=/dev/emcpowerb -direct=1 -iodepth 1 -thread -rw=write -ioengine=psync -bs=4k -size=1000G -numjobs=50 -runtime=180 -group_reporting -name=sqe_100write_4k

100%随机,70%读,30%写 4K

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fio -filename=/dev/emcpowerb -direct=1 -iodepth 1 -thread -rw=randrw -rwmixread=70 -ioengine=psync -bs=4k -size=1000G -numjobs=50 -runtime=180 -group_reporting -name=randrw_70read_4k

输出:

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[root@rac01-node02]# fio -filename=/dev/sdc4 -direct=1 -iodepth 1 -thread -rw=randrw -rwmixread=70 -ioengine=psync -bs=4k -size=1000G -numjobs=50 -runtime=180 -group_reporting -name=randrw_70read_4k_local
randrw_70read_4k_local: (g=0): rw=randrw, bs=4K-4K/4K-4K/4K-4K, ioengine=psync, iodepth=1
...
fio-2.1.10
Starting 50 threads
Jobs: 21 (f=21): [____m____m_m___m____mmm__mmm__mm_m_mmm_m__m__m_m_m] [3.4% done] [7004KB/2768KB/0KB /s] [1751/692/0 iops] [eta 01h:27m:00s]
randrw_70read_4k_local: (groupid=0, jobs=50): err= 0: pid=13710: Wed May 31 10:23:31 2017
read : io=1394.2MB, bw=7926.4KB/s, iops=1981, runt=180113msec
clat (usec): min=39, max=567873, avg=24323.79, stdev=25645.98
lat (usec): min=39, max=567874, avg=24324.23, stdev=25645.98
clat percentiles (msec):
| 1.00th=[ 3], 5.00th=[ 5], 10.00th=[ 6], 20.00th=[ 7],
| 30.00th=[ 9], 40.00th=[ 12], 50.00th=[ 16], 60.00th=[ 21],
| 70.00th=[ 27], 80.00th=[ 38], 90.00th=[ 56], 95.00th=[ 75],
| 99.00th=[ 124], 99.50th=[ 147], 99.90th=[ 208], 99.95th=[ 235],
| 99.99th=[ 314]
bw (KB /s): min= 15, max= 537, per=2.00%, avg=158.68, stdev=38.08
write: io=615280KB, bw=3416.8KB/s, iops=854, runt=180113msec
clat (usec): min=167, max=162537, avg=2054.79, stdev=7665.24
lat (usec): min=167, max=162537, avg=2055.38, stdev=7665.23
clat percentiles (usec):
| 1.00th=[ 201], 5.00th=[ 227], 10.00th=[ 249], 20.00th=[ 378],
| 30.00th=[ 548], 40.00th=[ 692], 50.00th=[ 844], 60.00th=[ 996],
| 70.00th=[ 1160], 80.00th=[ 1304], 90.00th=[ 1720], 95.00th=[ 3856],
| 99.00th=[40192], 99.50th=[58624], 99.90th=[98816], 99.95th=[123392],
| 99.99th=[148480]
bw (KB /s): min= 6, max= 251, per=2.00%, avg=68.16, stdev=29.18
lat (usec) : 50=0.01%, 100=0.03%, 250=3.15%, 500=5.00%, 750=5.09%
lat (usec) : 1000=4.87%
lat (msec) : 2=9.64%, 4=4.06%, 10=21.42%, 20=18.08%, 50=19.91%
lat (msec) : 100=7.24%, 250=1.47%, 500=0.03%, 750=0.01%
cpu : usr=0.07%, sys=0.21%, ctx=522490, majf=0, minf=7
IO depths : 1=100.0%, 2=0.0%, 4=0.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.0%, >=64=0.0%
submit : 0=0.0%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.0%, 64=0.0%, >=64=0.0%
complete : 0=0.0%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.0%, 64=0.0%, >=64=0.0%
issued : total=r=356911/w=153820/d=0, short=r=0/w=0/d=0
latency : target=0, window=0, percentile=100.00%, depth=1

Run status group 0 (all jobs):
READ: io=1394.2MB, aggrb=7926KB/s, minb=7926KB/s, maxb=7926KB/s, mint=180113msec, maxt=180113msec
WRITE: io=615280KB, aggrb=3416KB/s, minb=3416KB/s, maxb=3416KB/s, mint=180113msec, maxt=180113msec

Disk stats (read/write):
sdc: ios=356874/153927, merge=0/10, ticks=8668598/310288, in_queue=8978582, util=99.99%
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io=执行了多少M的IO

bw=平均IO带宽
iops=IOPS
runt=线程运行时间
slat=提交延迟
clat=完成延迟
lat=响应时间
bw=带宽
cpu=利用率
IO depths=io队列
IO submit=单个IO提交要提交的IO数
IO complete=Like the above submit number, but for completions instead.
IO issued=The number of read/write requests issued, and how many of them were short.
IO latencies=IO完延迟的分布

io=总共执行了多少size的IO
aggrb=group总带宽
minb=最小.平均带宽.
maxb=最大平均带宽.
mint=group中线程的最短运行时间.
maxt=group中线程的最长运行时间.

ios=所有group总共执行的IO数.
merge=总共发生的IO合并数.
ticks=Number of ticks we kept the disk busy.
io_queue=花费在队列上的总共时间.
util=磁盘利用率

参考:http://www.cnblogs.com/raykuan/p/6914748.html